Sweep – Each rower has one oar and the shell may or may not contain a coxswain. Sweep shells may also be referred to by the number of rowers it contains and a + or – sign to indicate if it is a cox’d shell or not. For example an 8+ is a sweep shell containing 8 rowers and a coxswain. A 2- is a two person sweep shell that does not contain a coxswain, nor does it have a place for a coxswain to sit.
Sculls – Each rower has two oars and there is never a coxswain. The shells are referred to the number of rowers that each will hold. They may be referred to as quads, doubles, and singles or 4x, 2x, and 1x.
Rowing positions are numbered from bow to stern starting at 1. The seat closest to the stern may be referred to by number, but is more commonly called the “stroke” seat.
In sweep shells rowers may be referred to by the side of the shell their oar extends. Any rower whose oar extends out the port side of the shell will be call a port rower and they will have an even numbered seat. Any rower whose oar extends out the starboard side will be called a starboard rower and they will have an odd numbered seat.
Head Race – These races are held in the Fall/Winter season and are approximately 5K in length. Head races have rolling starts. Each shell will cross the starting line at race pace or faster depending on team strategy.
Sprints – These races are held in the Spring/Summer season and are approximately 2K in length. Sprints start from a stand-still. The stern of each shell is held to a starting platform via human or mechanical means.
Bow – The front end of the shell.
Stern – The back end of the shell.